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Research Paper on Global Warming

Global warming and the human element

❶State of the Cryosphere.

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We are killing future generations of children with our views on climate change
Scientific Conflict

In the case of climate pollution, you may start with:. I did not pay attention to it at childhood until me and my friends have found a little squirrel trapped in a tin can. After that I have found out about a local community of volunteers that experiment with their way of life by living without producing any waste that may harm our nature. This part of your research paper longs you to develop some methods which are to case such effects and ways to solve the problems.

You may go deep in details as the structure of a research paper requires but be sure that in that case everyone understands such termini. If your classmates are not those who are obsessed with the greenhouse effect and not know everything about ozone holes, you better prepare a glossary in the attachments with an explanation or use a bit simpler definitions.

This is a part where you prove your standpoint and make everyone who reads it agree with you. Do some calculations, make a survey or draw a diagram of climate changing to reach a good result. And as a result, you will get your own experiment which you have precisely observed already and provided your summary with graphs, tables and illustrations.

You may include here a discussion as well as you are to elaborate upon your findings, refer them to other notable researchers and state once more your point of view on this issue. You sum up everything having been done in your experiment and the role of it in the future of our planet and apparently your own life. A reference list is another core part of the ending part where you are to put down on paper all the sources you were using for your research assignment. No need to say that these are also to be formatted to MLA or APA or Chicago format and the final page of yours will be also well-presented.

The most obvious way that it affects them is through the food supply. Native Alaskans depend on hunting polar bear, walrus, seal, and caribou for subsistence and the preservation of their culture Impacts of a Warming Arctic, Another fairly obvious way that the global warming affects the people of Alaska is through the melting of permafrost.

Melting permafrost causes the sinking of homes, roads, and other infrastructures. The damage that the permafrost causes to roads alone costs the state almost 33 million dollars every year http: Instead of being defined by moisture content, overlying snow cover, or location, permafrost is defined and characterized by temperature. Permafrost consists of several frozen soils ranging from gravel to clay Heidorn, The ability for the water to move within the permafrost enables the water to migrate and accumulate, forming large bodies of ice called ice lenses Stidger, There are two main types of permafrost.

Continuous permafrost does not thaw at all during the year. Discontinuous permafrost's upper layers thaw during the warm seasons Glossary, Distribution of different permafrost types is shown in Figure 1. The continuous is located farther north than the other two types because the temperatures are cooler. Discontinuous is not actually permafrost, but rather a frozen soil formation because is does not meet the exact definition of permafrost.

Continuous permafrost has a top layer called the active layer which thaws every year. The melting of this ice-rich permafrost is extremely harmful to the earth's surface. This has raised concerns for the stability of roads and other various structures, especially in the areas located in the Northern region of North America Impacts of permafrost.

The idea of whether or not the temperature change in Alaska is being caused by greenhouse emissions or are raising naturally has been a great debate between many scientists and politicians around the world. Currently, our government is remaining quite ignorant to the problems that global warming causes and the idea that we are the cause of this problem.

Organic material in thawing permafrost decays rapidly, releasing large quantities of carbon dioxide and methane. Methane and carbon dioxide are greenhouse gases, so the releasing of the gases makes the global warming worse and it will continue to get worse the more the permafrost thaws. If the melting of permafrost continues, the permafrost regions could change from a global carbon sink to a major source of carbon.

This, in turn, would act as a positive feedback loop to global climate warming Impacts of permafrost. The melting of permafrost has caused many problems. Currently there has been an increase in wave amplitude. This is being caused by an increase in the amount of fetch off the sea. The larger waves are causing a problem for the whale hunters. The State of Alaska Bureau of Land Management found that over 50 percent of the native's diet depends upon whaling http: Another problem caused by permafrost melting is an increase in coastal erosion.

The study found that that the average costal erosion over the last five decades has been Figure 2 shows an overhead view of Barrow, the red line represents the coast in The study found the average coastal erosion rate in Southwest Barrow to be. Figure 3 shows the coast in in Southwest Barrow and Barrow and its yearly erosion rate. Another dilemma occurring in Barrow is the increase of east and west return winds. A study done by Amanda Lynch and Ronald Brunner found the expected increase of return winds in the next years.

The current average return wind is 27 mile per hour. The projected return wind in years is expected to be about 45 mile per hour.

Figure 3 show the expected return winds. Another problem that could occur is the increase chance of flooding. A study performed by Amanda Lynch and Ronald Brunner found that with the expect return wind increase and current coastal erosion rate that is a flood were to occur the damage would be significant.

Figure 4 shows a house in Barrow being carried out to sea in the October flood of Another set back to Barrow is the thawing of ice roads. Ice roads allow the oil companies to move about the tundra. Many people of the community of Barrow depend on jobs with these oil companies. A study performed by the Alaska State Department of Energy found the days that the ice roads could be used in to In the ice roads could be used for days; in the ice roads could only be used for days.

That calculates to an average lose of three days a year. Rising temperatures have a dramatic impact on Arctic ice, which serves as a kind of "air conditioner" for the whole world.

Since , the area covered by Arctic sea ice has decreased by almost nine percent each decade Handwerk, Arctic max sea ice has been melting earlier and earlier since the Little Ice Age, which began in the 's and ended in the 's Glacier Change in the Upper Skagit River Basin.

The total ice cover season is 16 days shorter then it was in The melt and has lengthened at a rate of 5. The western Arctic ice is warming at least twice as fast as the rest of the globe is. In the year of , a Every year in September, the sea ice decline is recorded. With the sea ice covering an area approximately the size of the U. The reduction of these ice packs affects many animal species.

Increased temperatures promote the invasion of foreign species and destroy the necessary habitats of native species. According to some scientists, the arctic invasion is already underway. Deeper seasonal thawing has led to migrating vegetation populations.

Predictions show boreal forests moving as much as kilometers northward over the next century Climate Change, , and the tundra is expected to shrink by almost two thirds, as it is replaced by invading plant species.

The diminished tundra will wreck havoc on grazing populations such as the musk oxen and the caribou. These species rely on the plentiful tundra vegetation to survive. Spring in the arctic has arrived so early that when the herds reach their calving grounds their main source of food has already gone to seed. The warming will also cause the vegetation zones to shift significantly northward, reducing the amount of food available for the caribou.

The decline in the vegetation could cause a large decline in the number of caribou and reindeer, thus threatening the well being of many native households,and undermining the cultural significance of hunting Impacts of a Warming Arctic, The expected affect of global warming on arctic ecosystems is astounding. Global warming will likely affect species at almost every level of the food chain, from plankton to polar bears. Arctic ecosystems already have a startlingly low number of species, and even small changes bring drastic results.

According to Adam Markham, director of WWF's climate change campaign, "Arctic ecosystems are probably the most fragile and interdependent on earth" Reindeer, As temperatures rise, there is an increase in the thinning and retreating of Arctic ice packs, which provide habitat for many animal species.

Habitat loss for some animals such as: Polar bears live and hunt on arctic sea ice. Polar bears feed almost exclusively on the seals that they hunt on the ice edge or through the pack ice itself.

The summer ice-free period has lengthened as well. This leaves polar bears with less time on the sea ice to hunt for food and build up their body fat stores, and increased time on land where they must fast. Newborn bears are smaller than human babies, and blind. They require weeks of nurturing before they can leave their cave, but now there are several indications that an increasing number of cubs, and even mothers, are found dead as they cannot breathe when the snow cave collapses due to global warming.

If they do survive, the young are exposed to the frigid temperatures and they eventually die as well Ice melting under the Feet of the Polar Bear. The losses of polar bear populations will not only affect the people inhabiting the Arctic areas, but also significant consequences for the entire ecosystem that they occupy Berner et. Polar bears create a problem in Barrow.

They lack the time needed to hunt on the ice, so they will travel into Barrow more and more. Although the locals of Barrow hunt the polar bears, they have to kill the ones that travel into their village. These murders take a lot of the sport out of the cultural hunts, and also create a mess, due to the fact that the bears dig through the community's trash.

Many seal species, such as the ringed, bearded, and ribbon seals, give birth to and nurse their young on the sea ice. The loss of the massive icepacks would force these seals to adapt to life on land. This stress would cause a decline in the seal populations and therefore affect the rest of the ecosystem as well Berner et. This includes the native hunters who hunt the seal for subsistence as well as a cultural tradition.

Another organism, the bowhead whale, is important to the Inupiat Eskimos. These whales create a major cultural hunt among the community's natives. These whales travel yearly, along the northern coast of Alaska, to reach the Chuckchi and Beaufort Seas. In these areas the whales feed upon the booming populations of phytoplankton and zooplankton.

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Feb 26,  · Global warming appears to be quite a controversial issue and a number of possible aspects can be studied. One can pay attention to global warming causes (industrial progress, pollution etc.) and the effects, which are triggers, such as climate change, natural disasters and even international conflicts.

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This sample research paper by a professional Ultius writer is about global warming and its negative effects on the global climate. By the end of this paper, the reader will understand how human beings catastrophically damaged our environment/5(8).

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- Global Warming Global warming is an increase in the earth's temperature due to fossil fuels, industry, and agricultural processes caused by human, natural, and other gas . Global warming, also known as global climate change, is a topic that draws enormous interest from scientific researchers. Because climate change impacts numerous other sciences -- such as, biology, environmental science and geology -- the subject provides opportunities for a wide breadth of research studies.

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How to Write a Global Warming Research Paper Fast? Writing a research paper is a difficult task that can take you over two weeks to complete. You are not a professional writer and don’t have enough writing experience . Jaeseung Shim Essay Global Warming What is global warming and how does it affect the earth and it people. Global warming is sometime said as the greenhouse effect. The .